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Disease, Illness & Conditions


Cymbalta for Fibromyalgia: How Does This Drug Work?

Cymbalta is a medicine that has been authorized for use in the management of specific symptoms of fibromyalgia. However, should you really be taking this medicine?


What Is Muscular Dystrophy? Facts and Statistics

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a disease that affects the muscles and currently has no cure. There are several types of MD, and they are more prevalent in men than women. This article explains the characteristics of each type of MD.


How to Manage COVID-19 Infected Diabetic Patients

Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients experience predominant alterations in their adaptive and innate immunity levels. Comprehensive COVID-19 therapies warrant the systematic management of glycemic control disruption in diabetic patients.


How to Care for Parkinson's Patients at Home

Being homebound can present specific difficulties in the care and treatment of Parkinson's disease for both the patient and their caregiver. Find at-home exercises to continue therapy while patients wait to resume their physical therapy appointments.


What Is Hypothyroidism, and Is It Treatable?

The inappropriate secretion of TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) from the pituitary gland and thyroid gland’s dysfunction leads to the onset of hypothyroidism. The limited production of thyroid hormone inside the human body leads to the development of hypothyroidism.


How Much of a Concern Is the Coronavirus Outbreak?

Originating in Wuhan, China, the coronavirus has now spread to over 20 countries as travelers to the region return to their respective nations. Is it a global health emergency? How can we prevent it from becoming one?


Why Get the Flu Vaccine?

The flu vaccine is ready for the 2019-2020 season. This vaccine saves lives, so learn the facts. People older than six months should be vaccinated according to the CDC. In 2018, 80,000 in the U.S. died from the flu, plus numerous people were hospitalized. A new vaccine must be developed each year.


Helicobacter Pylori Infection: What You Need to Know

Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that is associated with stomach ulcers as well as stomach cancer. It can cause an inflammation in the lining of the stomach which can lead to gastritis. Approximately half of the world population is infected.


How to Deal With Gastritis With Simple Lifestyle Changes

You know that feeling when you wake up in the morning and your tummy is aching? You feel nauseous, and eating breakfast is the furthest thing from your mind. This may be a sign of gastritis.


Dispelling Myths and Misconceptions About Autism: Awareness Matters

Despite an improved understanding of autism spectrum disorder, there is still misinformation. Here are some common myths about the disorder.


The Gallbladder Thyroid Connection: How the Health of One Affects the Other

Thyroid and gallbladder health are intricately connected. After gallbladder removal surgery, thyroid functioning often declines. Alternatively, thyroid dysfunction can result in decreased bile flow and the formation of gallstones. Proper nutrition, gut health, and supplementation can benefit both.


Raccoon Roundworm Infection ("Baylisascaris procyonis") in Humans

Raccoon roundworm can cause scary neurological symptoms in humans and dogs. Find out what the symptoms are, how it's acquired, and information about diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment.


Why Are Rare Blood Types More Common Than You Think?

I am frequently asked about rare blood types. The most common questions are about the Rh Negative blood type. The next most common questions are about rare blood types being special in some way. This article will be helpful in answering questions and superstitions in "golden" or "special" blood.


What Causes Kidney Stones and How to Avoid Them

Learn about what causes the various types of kidney stones and the best ways to avoid developing them in the future. Here's a hint: you should have listened to your mother!


How to Stop Grinding Your Teeth

Do you grind your teeth? Teeth grinding is fairly common, but when left untreated can seriously injure the teeth, jaw joint, neck, and spine. Learn about symptoms, causes, and treatment.


Brain Re-Ignition and Recovery After Coma and Flat Line Brain Death

The EEG "flat line" has indicated death, even when other organs function. In 2013, medical researchers discovered in coma patients a deeper level of (un)consciousness at which brain activity re-starts.


Are Hearing Aids Enough?

Once you purchase hearing aids, consider attending audiological rehab to help you really learn to communicate and advocate for yourself! Details to be described.


The Ultimate Guide for Lipoma: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Lipoma is a skin condition that causes many people to worry. It affects many people in the world today. Here is everything you need to know about it.


How to Check for Mouth Cancer at Home

Oral cancer can be deadly, especially when it is overlooked. This article covers examination techniques when it comes to checking yourself for cancerous markings in the mouth.


Help! I Have the Worst Canker Sore Ever

As a pharmacist, canker sores are a very common complaint. What can you do about them? Luckily, effective treatments are available with over-the-counter products. Not sure which one to choose? Read more here.


How to Cope With Emotional Pain of STD Diagnosis

The emotional pain of getting a sexually transmitted disease, or STD, is devastating. You question the fidelity of your relationship, the risks to your health, and the future of your quality of life.


How to Read Eyeglass Prescriptions

Reading an eyeglass prescription may seem daunting, but this article will make it much easier to understand.


What Are Piles? Causes and Treatment

Piles (or haemorrhoids) is a common condition that has been documented as far back as biblical times. Around 50% of the population will suffer from piles at one point or another by the age of 50.


Autoimmune Hepatitis Causes Cirrhosis of the Liver

Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease that can be mild or very serious as it causes inflammation of the liver. Learn about the risk factors and symptoms of the disease, as well as how it is diagnosed and treated.


How to Get Rid of Toe Nail Fungus

Toenail fungus can be embarrassing. Read on to learn the causes of this bothersome infection and how to treat it.


How to Read an Eyeglass Prescription

Written by an optician, this article explains how to interpret an eyeglass prescription, whether you're nearsighted or farsighted.


Definition of YAG Laser Posterior Capsulotomy

YAG capsulotomies are routine procedures used to restore vision after the formation of a secondary cataract, also called posterior capsular opacification.


Definition of an Intraocular Lens

Cataract surgery has been around since 800 BC, but the intraocular lens (IOL) is a recent invention. An IOL is a device implanted into the eye to correct vision after a cataract is removed.


The Stages of Dying Checklist

The stages of dying checklist can be used to understand how to deal with a relative's needs as they move through the dying process.


Narrow Angle Glaucoma: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Narrow angle glaucoma attacks are very painful and usually strike without any warning. This article explores the causes, symptoms, and treatments of this condition.


What's That Weird Feeling in the Back of My Throat?

Got a weird feeling in your throat? Find potential causes, related symptoms, treatments, and self-help regimens to unravel the mystery of the "lump in the throat" phenomenon.


Irritable Bowel Syndrome vs. Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease both affect the digestive system. While both can be quite distressing and even debilitating, they are quite different entities.


What Is Keratitis? Causes and Symptoms

Keratitis is a term used to describe inflammation of the cornea, and several reasons for it. This article discusses the causes and symptoms of keratitis.


Tests for Diabetic Retinopathy

There are several different test for diabetic retinopathy that your ophthalmologist can perform. This article discusses the most common tests, how they are performed and why they are used.


Anemia: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment

Anemia affects both children and adults. Anemia due to low red blood cell counts is different from leukemia which is a low white blood cell count. Anemia affects the ability of the red cells to carry oxygen to all body organs. Leukemia affects the ability of white cells to fight infections.


How Does Diabetes Affect Glaucoma?

Symptoms of glaucoma often do not show up until considerable visual loss has occurred. This is not the case for diabetics, however. Someone with diabetes is at a much higher risk for vision loss.


Types of Senile Cataracts

Cataracts will affect all of us at some point in our lives. This article discusses the symptoms and treatments for different types of senile cataracts that are the result of the aging process.


Retinal Problems With Diabetes

Diabetes can wreak havoc on the body—especially on the eyes. Learn how diabetes causes problems in the retina, how these issues are diagnosed, and their possible treatments.


How to Treat a Scratched Cornea

Scratched corneas can be very painful, and if left untreated, they can cause vision loss. This article discusses causes, treatments, and information about what the condition feels like for the patient.


What Is Pink Eye? Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Did you know there are three different types of pink eye? Or that this condition is more prevalent in the summer? Here's what you need to know to protect yourself and your family.


Anatomy of the Eye: The Tear Film, Lids, and Lacrimal Glands

Information on the structures of the outside of the eye, as well as diseases and ailments that affect these structures, such as pink eye and blepharitis.


How Age-Related Macular Degeneration and CNVM Affect the Layers of the Retina

Age-related macular degeneration destroys vision and quality of life. This article explains the disease, causes, and treatments.


Posterior Vitreous Detachment: Everything You Need to Know About Flashes and Floaters

What is a posterior vitreous detachment? What are floaters and flashes? Learn what they are, how they form, and whether they are a threat to your vision.


What Is a PVC (Premature Ventricular Contraction)?

Imagine this: you're in the hospital and the alarm on the telemetry monitor is going off. But the staff tells you it's nothing but PVCs. What gives? Well, PVCs aren't a big deal. Read on to learn why.


Diverticulitis and Diverticular Disease

An examination of diverticulitis and diverticular disease. Learn about diagnosis, incidence, and complications such as ruptures or perforation of the bowel with the formation of a fistula.


Different Types of Coughs and When to See a Doctor

There are many different kinds of coughs: productive chest cough, non-productive or dry cough, whooping cough, barking cough, psychogenic cough, and reflex cough. When should you see a doctor?


How to Differentiate Between Anxiety, Intercostal Muscle Spasms, and Heart Attack

How to tell the difference between a heart attack, anxiety, and intercostal muscle spasms. All three may cause chest pain and difficulty breathing.


Social, Emotional, Financial, and Physical Effects of a Stroke

A stroke can significantly affect an individual in more ways than one. An investigation into the social, emotional, financial, and physical effects of stroke.


How to Handle Night Blindness and Headlight Glare

Do you have difficulty driving at night? This article explores some of the potential causes—as well as suggestions for how to reduce the problem.


Wet Brain: Thiamine, Diet, and Abstinence

The term “wet brain” is an informal (non-medical) term used to describe a number of irreversible, organic brain diseases related to alcohol that cause mental impairment and physical disabilities.