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Disease, Illness & Conditions


What Is Muscular Dystrophy? Facts and Statistics

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a disease that affects the muscles and currently has no cure. There are several types of MD, and they are more prevalent in men than women. This article explains the characteristics of each type of MD.


How to Manage COVID-19 Infected Diabetic Patients

Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients experience predominant alterations in their adaptive and innate immunity levels. Comprehensive COVID-19 therapies warrant the systematic management of glycemic control disruption in diabetic patients.


How to Care for Parkinson's Patients at Home

Being homebound can present specific difficulties in the care and treatment of Parkinson's disease for both the patient and their caregiver. Find at-home exercises to continue therapy while patients wait to resume their physical therapy appointments.


What Is Hypothyroidism, and Is It Treatable?

The inappropriate secretion of TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) from the pituitary gland and thyroid gland’s dysfunction leads to the onset of hypothyroidism. The limited production of thyroid hormone inside the human body leads to the development of hypothyroidism.


How Much of a Concern Is the Coronavirus Outbreak?

Originating in Wuhan, China, the coronavirus has now spread to over 20 countries as travelers to the region return to their respective nations. Is it a global health emergency? How can we prevent it from becoming one?


Why Get the Flu Vaccine?

The flu vaccine is ready for the 2019-2020 season. This vaccine saves lives, so learn the facts. People older than six months should be vaccinated according to the CDC. In 2018, 80,000 in the U.S. died from the flu, plus numerous people were hospitalized. A new vaccine must be developed each year.


Helicobacter Pylori Infection: What You Need to Know

Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that is associated with stomach ulcers as well as stomach cancer. It can cause an inflammation in the lining of the stomach which can lead to gastritis. Approximately half of the world population is infected.


How to Deal With Gastritis With Simple Lifestyle Changes

You know that feeling when you wake up in the morning and your tummy is aching? You feel nauseous, and eating breakfast is the furthest thing from your mind. This may be a sign of gastritis.


Dispelling Myths and Misconceptions About Autism: Awareness Matters

Despite an improved understanding of autism spectrum disorder, there is still misinformation. Here are some common myths about the disorder.


The Gallbladder Thyroid Connection: How the Health of One Affects the Other

Thyroid and gallbladder health are intricately connected. After gallbladder removal surgery, thyroid functioning often declines. Alternatively, thyroid dysfunction can result in decreased bile flow and the formation of gallstones. Proper nutrition, gut health, and supplementation can benefit both.


Raccoon Roundworm Infection ("Baylisascaris procyonis") in Humans

Raccoon roundworm can cause scary neurological symptoms in humans and dogs. Find out what the symptoms are, how it's acquired, and information about diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment.


Understanding Acute Flaccid Myelitis Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

First noted by the U.S. medical system in 2012, the mysterious acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) became a growing concern until a Midwestern medical school and public health college involved their professionals to seek answers.


Why Are Rare Blood Types More Common Than You Think?

I am frequently asked about rare blood types. The most common questions are about the Rh Negative blood type. The next most common questions are about rare blood types being special in some way. This article will be helpful in answering questions and superstitions in "golden" or "special" blood.


What Is Broken Heart Syndrome?

When your spouse passes away, you may experience broken heart syndrome, which puts you, as the grieving mate, at a higher risk for cardiovascular events. Tips for the bereaved spouse along with suggestions for family and friends to help get through the grieving process are included.


Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome: What You Need to Know

Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome is a rare but serious, sometimes deadly, respiratory disease that has been found mostly in rural areas of the western U.S. The disease is caused by a hantavirus that is carried by rodents and passed on to humans through infected rodent body fluids and droppings.


What Causes Kidney Stones and How to Avoid Them

Learn about what causes the various types of kidney stones and the best ways to avoid developing them in the future. Here's a hint: you should have listened to your mother!


Is It Interstitial Cystitis or Recurrent Infections? Your Doctor Might Not Know

Maybe you were diagnosed with IC, but the diet and symptoms don't fit the diagnosis. Could it be something else like a recurrent infection? Find out here.


Geraldine Ferraro and the Psychology of Living With Cancer: A Model for Our Times

When Geraldine Ferraro was diagnosed with cancer, she was given 3 years to live. She lived for 12 more years. Learn what she believed helped her cope—and why she survived far longer than expected.


Sneezing 101: The Right Way to Sneeze

Did you know there's a correct way to sneeze? Read the how's and the why's, written by a nurse.


How to Stop Grinding Your Teeth

Do you grind your teeth? Teeth grinding is fairly common, but when left untreated can seriously injure the teeth, jaw joint, neck, and spine. Learn about symptoms, causes, and treatment.


Infections (Other Than HIV) That IV Drug Users Contract: Hepatitis, Osteomyelitis, Cellulitis

When we think of infections that IV drug users get, we think of HIV. But there are so many other infections IV drug addicts can contract that can be potentially life-threatening. Here are just a few.


Brain Re-Ignition and Recovery After Coma and Flat Line Brain Death

The EEG "flat line" has indicated death, even when other organs function. In 2013, medical researchers discovered in coma patients a deeper level of (un)consciousness at which brain activity re-starts.


Are Hearing Aids Enough?

Once you purchase hearing aids, consider attending audiological rehab to help you really learn to communicate and advocate for yourself! Details to be described.


The Ultimate Guide for Lipoma: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Lipoma is a skin condition that causes many people to worry. It affects many people in the world today. Here is everything you need to know about it.


How to Check for Mouth Cancer at Home

Oral cancer can be deadly, especially when it is overlooked. This article covers examination techniques when it comes to checking yourself for cancerous markings in the mouth.


Help! I Have the Worst Canker Sore Ever

As a pharmacist, canker sores are a very common complaint. What can you do about them? Luckily, effective treatments are available with over-the-counter products. Not sure which one to choose? Read more here.


How to Cope With Emotional Pain of STD Diagnosis

The emotional pain of getting a sexually transmitted disease, or STD, is devastating. You question the fidelity of your relationship, the risks to your health, and the future of your quality of life.


How to Read Eyeglass Prescriptions

Reading an eyeglass prescription may seem daunting, but this article will make it much easier to understand.


What Are Piles? Causes and Treatment

Piles (or haemorrhoids) is a common condition that has been documented as far back as biblical times. Around 50% of the population will suffer from piles at one point or another by the age of 50.


Autoimmune Hepatitis Causes Cirrhosis of the Liver

Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease that can be mild or very serious as it causes inflammation of the liver. Learn about the risk factors and symptoms of the disease, as well as how it is diagnosed and treated.


How to Get Rid of Toe Nail Fungus

Toenail fungus can be embarrassing. Read on to learn the causes of this bothersome infection and how to treat it.


How to Read an Eyeglass Prescription

Written by an optician, this article explains how to interpret an eyeglass prescription, whether you're nearsighted or farsighted.


Asthma Triggers and Treatments

This article is about asthma in general, as well as specific triggers and treatments. Written by an experienced nurse.


Definition of YAG Laser Posterior Capsulotomy

YAG capsulotomies are routine procedures used to restore vision after the formation of a secondary cataract, also called posterior capsular opacification.


Definition of an Intraocular Lens

Cataract surgery has been around since 800 BC, but the intraocular lens (IOL) is a recent invention. An IOL is a device implanted into the eye to correct vision after a cataract is removed.


The Stages of Dying Checklist

The stages of dying checklist can be used to understand how to deal with a relative's needs as they move through the dying process.


Narrow Angle Glaucoma: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Narrow angle glaucoma attacks are very painful and usually strike without any warning. This article explores the causes, symptoms, and treatments of this condition.


What's That Weird Feeling in the Back of My Throat?

Got a weird feeling in your throat? Find potential causes, related symptoms, treatments, and self-help regimens to unravel the mystery of the "lump in the throat" phenomenon.


Irritable Bowel Syndrome vs. Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease both affect the digestive system. While both can be quite distressing and even debilitating, they are quite different entities.


What Is Keratitis? Causes and Symptoms

Keratitis is a term used to describe inflammation of the cornea, and several reasons for it. This article discusses the causes and symptoms of keratitis.


Tests for Diabetic Retinopathy

There are several different test for diabetic retinopathy that your ophthalmologist can perform. This article discusses the most common tests, how they are performed and why they are used.


Anemia: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment

Anemia affects both children and adults. Anemia due to low red blood cell counts is different from leukemia which is a low white blood cell count. Anemia affects the ability of the red cells to carry oxygen to all body organs. Leukemia affects the ability of white cells to fight infections.


What Are the Causes of Frequent Bloody Noses?

If you suffer from frequent nosebleeds, it can be distressing and embarrassing. What are the most common causes?


Definition of Color Blindness

The term "color blind" is rather misleading. Those who are affected can still see color, just much differently than those with normal color vision.


The 5 Most Common Eye Problems in the Elderly

As we get older, everything in the body begins to break down. The eye is no exception! This article explains the five most common problems that affect the eyes of older adults.


How Does Diabetes Affect Glaucoma?

Symptoms of glaucoma often do not show up until considerable visual loss has occurred. This is not the case for diabetics, however. Someone with diabetes is at a much higher risk for vision loss.


Types of Senile Cataracts

Cataracts will affect all of us at some point in our lives. This article discusses the symptoms and treatments for different types of senile cataracts that are the result of the aging process.


How Does Diabetes Cause Blindness?

Diabetes can cause a myriad of problems not only in the body, but in the eye as well. It can even lead to blindness. This article discusses the different ways diabetic disease can cause vision loss.


Retinal Problems With Diabetes

Diabetes can wreak havoc on the body—especially on the eyes. Learn how diabetes causes problems in the retina, how these issues are diagnosed, and their possible treatments.


How to Treat a Scratched Cornea

Scratched corneas can be very painful, and if left untreated, they can cause vision loss. This article discusses causes, treatments, and information about what the condition feels like for the patient.